A marauding terror attack was among a number of simulations carried out in Edinburgh.
The Security Industry Authority, Police Scotland counter-terrorism officers, Scottish Ambulance Service and City of Edinburgh Council staged the training event at the Shanghai Club in George Street.
Security staff were confronted with a series of real-time simulations, involving volunteer actors, including an attack with a bladed weapon, an acid attack, a suspect package and a marauding terrorist attack taking place outside the club.
Teams of industry personnel from Edinburgh and the surrounding area were in attendance to observe.
Ronnie Megaughin, the SIA’s Head of Compliance and Inspections, said: “These realistic scenarios are an excellent method for training security operatives and gives them an ideal opportunity to put their training to use.
“Security operatives may be the first people on the scene in an incident. Yesterday’s staged terror incidents enabled security operatives to take part and deal with the scenario, and then receive an instant debrief from counter-terror experts.
“We know from experience that operatives, and their managers, really appreciate what they learn from these events and find them worth their while.
“Any of these security staff could find themselves as the first responder at a serious incident, and this exercise could literally be the difference between life and death.”
John Sandlin, SIA Senior Manager Compliance and Inspections, said: “The main aim of exercises like this is to increase public safety in the night-time economy by working with venues and security staff.
“It’s also to showcase best practice by putting the Action Counters Terrorism (ACT) security e-learning package, which we’ve been recommending to all SIA-licensed operatives, into practice. We’re really pleased with the commitment that all the security staff put into the exercise at the Shanghai Club.”
This emergency planning exercise at the Shanghai Club continues a programme of similar exercises and follows on from events in Chesterfield, London, Glasgow and Leicester.